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National Sample Survey
The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) was set up in 1950, with the idea of having a permanent survey organization to collect data on various facets of the economy. In order to assist in socio-economic planning and policy making, NSSO conducts nationwide sample surveys known as National Sample Survey (NSS). The NSS is a continuing survey in the sense that it is carried out in the form of successive “rounds”, each round usually of a year's duration covering several topics of current interest. The surveys are conducted through household interviews, using a random sample of households covering practically the entire geographical area of the country.
Participation of State
As the NSS samples were small, the state governments were invited to participate with matching samples so as to enable the preparation of estimates at sub-state level which was not possible with the ‘Central Sample’ alone. Considering the demands for district level estimates, Kerala has been participating in the National Sample Surveys from the very beginning with matching samples to provide more disaggregated results at regional level.
Subject Coverage of NSS
The National Sample Survey covers the same topics / subjects at certain regular interval. Of course, the designing of schedule will be modified according to the changed needs. According to the NSSO the long term programme for its coverage is as under:
1. Population, births, deaths, disability, morbidity, fertility, maternity and child care and family planning. - Once in ten years
2. Debt and Investment and capital formation - Once in ten years
3. Land-holdings and livestock enterprises - Once in ten years
4. Employment and employment and Consumer Expenditure - Twice in ten years.
5. Unorganized enterprises in non-agricultural sectors - Twice in ten years.
Source of Data and Methodology
Entire programme of every round of survey is being designed by the NSSO. After pre-test and expertise discussion on the instruction to the field agency and formats of schedules to be canvassed in depth the survey programme of the year is released in its final shape. The central and state agencies are doing their field work independently with the samples allotted separately for Centre and State. DES collects the basic data from State sample through its own field investigators. The questionnaires, concepts, definitions etc. used are the same as those of NSSO used in the Central sample.
After completing the field work of each round, the schedules are scrutinized in district offices and headquarters by the officers of the NSS units in the District Offices and in the DES Headquarters. Then data entry, data validation and table generation are done with the software provided by NSSO. On the basis of estimates derived from state sample data, the report is prepared.
Current Survey -74th Round
The National Sample Survey (NSS), setup by the Government of India in 1950 to collect socio economic data employing scientific sampling methods, started its Seventy-fourth round from 1st July 2016. The Survey will continue up to 30th June 2017. the Seventy-fourth round of NSS would be list frame based enterprise focussed survey on services sector. The survey is to be conducted under the statutory provisions of the Collection of Statistics (COS) Act, 2008 and the rules framed there- under in 2011.
Objective of 74th Round Survey
Service Sector has the largest share in Gross Domestic Product(GDP) and this sector is growing fast. The necessity for reliable and comprehensive data pertaining to this sector needs no emphasis. This round is devoted exclusively to survey of Service Sector. This is a first survey of its kind covering large business establishments of Service Sector using list frame. The survey thus aims at meeting emerging data demand on details of the Service Sector, on the lines similar to the Annual Survey of Industries that is primarily focused on manufacturing sector. The data to be collected in this round will help in meeting the requirements of deferent Ministries, Organizations such as Directorate General of Commercial Intelligent and Statistics, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, National Accounts Divisions, CSO etc, as also Academicians and Researchers. Besides, This survey good form a prelude to the Annual Survey of Service Sector.